文章摘要
刘芳芳,杨少玲,林婉玲,李来好,杨贤庆,吴燕燕,黄卉.七种海水鱼背部肌肉营养成分及矿物元素分布与健康评价[J].水产学报,2019,43(11):2413~2423
七种海水鱼背部肌肉营养成分及矿物元素分布与健康评价
Nutritional components and mineral element distribution and health evaluation of back muscle of seven marine fishes
投稿时间:2018-09-11  修订日期:2019-03-03
DOI:10.11964/jfc.20180911450
中文关键词: 海水鱼  基本成分  氨基酸  矿物质  风险评估
英文关键词: marine fish  basic ingredients  amino acids  minerals  risk assessment
基金项目:“十二五”国家重点研发计划(2016YFD0400201-6);现代农业产业技术体系专项(CARS-47);“扬帆计划”引进创新创业团队专项(2015YT02H109)
作者单位E-mail
刘芳芳 中国水产科学研究院南海水产研究所, 国家水产品加工技术研发中心, 农业农村部水产品加工重点实验室, 广东 广州 510300
上海海洋大学食品学院, 上海 201306 
 
杨少玲 中国水产科学研究院南海水产研究所, 国家水产品加工技术研发中心, 农业农村部水产品加工重点实验室, 广东 广州 510300  
林婉玲 中国水产科学研究院南海水产研究所, 国家水产品加工技术研发中心, 农业农村部水产品加工重点实验室, 广东 广州 510300 lwlscsf@163.com 
李来好 中国水产科学研究院南海水产研究所, 国家水产品加工技术研发中心, 农业农村部水产品加工重点实验室, 广东 广州 510300  
杨贤庆 中国水产科学研究院南海水产研究所, 国家水产品加工技术研发中心, 农业农村部水产品加工重点实验室, 广东 广州 510300  
吴燕燕 中国水产科学研究院南海水产研究所, 国家水产品加工技术研发中心, 农业农村部水产品加工重点实验室, 广东 广州 510300  
黄卉 中国水产科学研究院南海水产研究所, 国家水产品加工技术研发中心, 农业农村部水产品加工重点实验室, 广东 广州 510300  
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中文摘要:
      测定了7种海水鱼的基本营养成分、氨基酸组成及矿物元素含量,并对氨基酸进行营养评价,同时结合营养素安全摄入上限法(UL)对鱼肌肉中矿物元素进行了营养健康风险分析。结果显示,7种海水鱼粗灰分含量差异不大,粗脂肪和水分含量均差异显著,黄花鱼粗脂肪含量最高,含水量最低,分别为9.44%±0.29%和71.64%±0.44%,青点鹦嘴鱼含水量最高,粗脂肪含量最低,粗蛋白含量为18.56%±0.29%~20.97%±0.32%,差异显著;7种海水鱼肌肉中氨基酸种类齐全,含量丰富,且∑EAA/∑TAA和∑EAA/∑NEAA的比值符合FAO/WHO理想模式,限制氨基酸为Val、Trp、Met+Cys,必需氨基酸指数为77.57~89.04;7种海水鱼肌肉中矿物元素含量丰富,且不同鱼种同一元素含量差异显著,K平均含量最大,Na含量差异最为显著;矿物元素的风险评估显示,珠海采样的鱼类Cu在2~5、6~17、18~44、45~59这4个年龄阶段最大风险指数都大于100%,属于风险不可接受范围,平均风险指数均在可接受范围内。本研究以期为海水鱼深加工以及居民日常膳食提供参考。
英文摘要:
      The basic nutrients, amino acid composition and mineral element content of seven marine fishes were determined, and the amino acid was evaluated for nutrition. At the same time, the upper limits (UL) of nutrients were used to assess the mineral elements in fish muscles. Health risk analysis. The results showed that there were no significant differences in the crude ash content of the seven marine fishes, and the crude fat and water contents were significantly different. Larimichthys polyacits had the highest crude fat content and the lowest water content, which were 9.44%±0.29% and 71.64%±0.44%, Scarus ghobban had the highest water content, the lowest crude fat content, and the crude protein content was between (18.56%±0.29%) and (20.97%±0.32%), the difference was significant; seven marine fishes amino acid species were complete, and the ratio of ∑EAA/∑TAA and ∑EAA/∑NEAA is in line with the FAO/WHO ideal model, with the limiting amino acids Val, Trp, Met+Cys, and the essential amino acid index between 77.57 and 89.04; 7 tested mineral elements in fish muscle were rich, and the content of the same elements in different fish species was significantly different. The average content of K element was the highest and the difference of Na element content was the most significant. The risk assessment of mineral elements showed that Zhuhai sampling had the maximum risk index of Cu in fish in the age groups of 2-5, 6-17, 18-44, 45-59 is greater than 100%, which is an unacceptable risk range, and the average risk index is within the acceptable range. The above results may provide a reference for the deep processing of marine fish and the daily diet of residents.
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